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What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation refers to changes in the melanin pigment of the skin, resulting in areas of skin that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for giving color to the skin, hair, and eyes. Pigmentation can manifest in various forms, leading to irregular skin discoloration. It can affect any skin type and is often influenced by factors such as sun exposure, hormonal fluctuations, inflammatory skin disorders, and injuries to the skin.

What are the different types of Pigmentation disorders?

Characteristics and causes of pigmentation include:

Freckles (Ephelides): Freckles are a common type of pigmentation that develops after repeated exposure to sunlight, especially in individuals with fair complexions. They appear as small, dark spots on the skin and tend to darken during sunny months but fade in the winter. Heredity also plays a role in freckling.

Solar Lentigines (Sun Spots, Liver Spots): These are pigmented spots with well-defined edges that may occur anywhere on the body. They are caused by UV sun exposure and range in color from light brown to black. Sun spots are often associated with UV light exposure and can sometimes develop into skin cancer or melanoma, making regular skin checks important.

Melasma (Chloasma): Melasma is characterized by deeper pigmentation in the skin’s dermis, appearing as larger brown patches with a non-distinct border. It is more common in women and often occurs on the face. The exact causes are not fully understood, but hormonal increases, UV exposure, certain medications, pregnancy, and stress can exacerbate melasma.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This type of pigmentation occurs as a response to skin injuries such as acne, burns, friction, or aggressive clinical treatments like chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser, and IPL. It appears as dark spots on the skin following the healing of an injury and can sometimes recur. It usually responds to topical products and may resolve with time.

Consult with our skin specialist to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment offered at VIP Medspa for your specific type of pigmentation to include:

Different Conditions


Acne Scarring


Dark Spots

Dull Skin

Fine lines & Wrinkles

Hand Rejuvenation

Hair Loss



Pore Buildup


Skin Laxity

Spider Veins

Uneven Skin Tone

Women’s Sexual Health